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Podcast 784: Wastewater Surveillance for COVID

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: About 50% of those infected with SARS-CoV-2 will shed the virus in their feces   Wastewater surveillance can be used to track COVID burden,...

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Podcast 783: LAD Occlusion & Troponin

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: A study randomized 34 healthy patient to have their left anterior descending artery (LAD) occluded by balloon for 0, 15, 30, or 90...

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Podcast 782: Ventilator Management

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Tidal volume is the amount of breath a patient receives in a single ventilation  Traditional tidal volume (TV) setting was 10 ml/kg but...

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Podcast 781: Foxglove, Dropsy, and Salvador Dali

Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: Foxglove plant contains the cardiac glycoside digoxin   Foxglove leaf potions were once used to treat Dropsy; a historic term for symptoms of heart...

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Podcast 780: Pediatric Sedation Post-Intubation

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Recent study looking at a pediatric emergency department to determine what percentage of patients after intubation received sedation within 10 minutes after intubation...

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Podcast 779: Pulse Pressure in Trauma

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Pulse pressure is the difference between the systolic and diastolic blood pressure, normal is about 40 A narrow pulse pressure is generally thought...

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Podcast 778: tPA for Frostbite Injury

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: Mild frostbite injury usually only requires supportive care In severe frostbite injury, patients should receive an immediate angiogram, be admitted, and receive tPA...

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Podcast 777: Grass, Weed, and Ancient Rome

Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: Antiemetics were used in ancient Rome to help with sea-sickness and included toxic substances such as wine and wormwood and white hellborn The...

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Mental Health Monthly #12: Management of Opioid Use Disorder with MAT (Medication-Assisted Treatment)

In this special episode of MHM, we feature Dr. Nadia Haddad, a Colorado psychiatrist, and Dr. Ricky Dhaliwal, an emergency medicine physician, as they discuss the implications of OUD...

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Podcast 776: Single-Site Blood Cultures

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Traditionally, blood cultures are drawn from two separate sites despite no data to suggest this is better than drawing blood from one site...

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Podcast 775: Olecranon Bursitis

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Olecranon bursitis refers to inflammation in the bursa of the elbow and can be due to infection or trauma Recent study examined treating...

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On the Streets #13: Pre-hospital Cardiology Concepts

On this episode of On the Streets, our host, Jordan Ourada, talks with cardiologist, Dr. Chirag Chauhan, about all things cardiac. Highlighted topics: Wrist versus femoral access in the...

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Podcast 774: Maggots

Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: Maggots were discovered as a therapy to help wound healing in WWI, but this fell out of favor after the discovery of penicillin...

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Podcast 773: Atrial Fibrillation Medications

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Atrial fibrillation is an irregular heart rhythm that sometimes requires rate control in setting of rapid ventricular response (RVR) Calcium channel blocker and...

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Podcast 772: Firearms in Suicidal Ideation

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Firearms are a dangerous potential method of committing suicide Death occurs in about 5-15% of suicide attempts overall, but death in suicide attempts...

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Podcast 771: Intubation in Cardiac Arrest

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: In a secondary analysis of the PART trial, the mortality effect of timing of airway management for patients in cardiac arrest was examined...

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Podcast 770: Xylazine

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Xylazine, referred to as tranq dope colloquially, is an FDA approved animal tranquilizer that is circulating in the illicit drug markets of the...

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Podcast 769: Pressors After Cardiac Arrest

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Hypotension after cardiac arrest often requires a vasopressor to improve blood pressure Recent observational study from France examined outcomes of patients who received...

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Mental Health Monthly #11: De-escalation: Changing Confrontation to Collaboration

  Contributor: Dr. Kimberly Nordstrom De-escalation usually takes less time than physical and chemical restraints, which leads to decreased injury to staff members, better patient trust and increased patient...

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Podcast 768: Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: 3% of cases of acute coronary syndrome are due to Takotsubo Takotsubo  cardiomyopathy or “broken heart syndrome” can occur with severe physiologic or...

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Podcast 767: Transaminitis and Rhabdomyolysis

 Contributor: Sam Killian, MD Educational Pearls: Transaminitis refers to the elevation of transaminases, enzymes of the liver (AST and ALT) Elevation of ALT is relatively specific to the...

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Podcast 766: Truth about Tramadol

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Tramadol is often thought of as a mild-opiate to use for analgesia, but it is a more complicated drug Tramadol needs to be...

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Podcast 765: Phenobarbital for Alcohol Withdrawal

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Retrospective cohort study looked at return rate of discharged patients after receiving either phenobarbital or benzodiazepines or both in the ED for treatment...

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Podcast 764: Myth or Merit: Beta-Blockers for Cocaine Chest Pain

Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: Many are taught that patients with cocaine chest pain should not receive beta-blockers due to unopposed alpha agonism, but is this true? 363...

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Podcast 763: Sternoclavicular Infection

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Septic arthritis can occur at any joint, including the sternoclavicular joint Sternoclavicular joint infections comprise 1% of all bone and joint infections  Patients...

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UnfilterED #14: Patricia Hernandez, MSIV and Leyanet Gonzalez, MSIV

Tune in for a double feature with our Equity, Diversity and Inclusion Award winners from this fall as Nick asks them about their backgrounds, what brought them into medicine...

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Podcast 762: Endocarditis

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Variability of organisms in infecting the myocardial valves Duke Criteria for Infective Endocarditis includes three categories that can be used to definitively diagnose...

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Podcast 761: Peritonsillar Abscess: To Stab or Not to Stab?

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Often present with complaints of sore throat, pain with swallowing, difficulty swallowing, voice change, and possible fever Retrospective study from 2018 evaluated outcomes...

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Podcast 760: Why Fentanyl is the Worst

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Fentanyl’s common administration route through pills has lowered the psychological barrier of using opioid compared to injecting and smoking heroin Fentanyl is showing...

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Podcast 759: Hyperkalemia and Myth of Kayexalate

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Acute hyperkalemia is characterized as serum K of 5.4 or higher in non-hemolyzed samples Hyperkalemia is commonly associated with end stage renal disease,...

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Mental Health Monthly #10: The Elderly Psychotic Patient

Dr. Kim Nordstrom, a practicing emergency psychiatrist and associate professor with the University of Colorado, discusses various work-up models alongside valuable bedside tools for elderly patients with acute psychosis....

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Podcast 758: Vaccine Safety During Pregnancy

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Observational study in Israel evaluated cohort of vaccinated pregnant women receiving the initial Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 mRNA vaccine  Looked at 24,288 newborns with about...

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Podcast 757: History of Fevers and Thermometers

Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: Dr. Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, of the mid-1800s, was the first physician to suggest temperature was related to disease processes and his measurements...

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Podcast 756: Violence Towards ED Staff

ACEP survey was done in 2018 looking at violence towards staff in the ED with only 10% of those solicited responding Survey found 47% of respondents were assaulted and...

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Podcast 755: Tubo-Ovarian Abscess

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: Tubo-ovarian abscess is a rare complication of pelvic inflammatory disease Usually presents with chief complaint of abdominal pain and is often diagnosed by...

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Podcast 754: Balanced Fluids vs. Normal Saline, The Battle Continues

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Normal saline is thought to interfere with renal function and cause an acidosis and balanced fluids (like lactated ringers) are a better option...

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Podcast 753: Ring Cutting Raptors

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Techniques regarding ring removal in the ED were evaluated in a recent study which looked at using trauma shears versus the motorized ring...

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Podcast 752: Budesonide for COVID

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Recent study evaluated budesonide for outpatient COVID-19 infection treatment to see if there was a decrease in length of illness or hospitalization rates...

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Podcast 751: The Bougie Trial

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: An endotracheal tube introducer or bougie are often used as a rescue device during difficult intubations as they are small and can be...

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Mental Health Monthly #9: Suicide Assessment in the ED: Using the ICAR2E Tool

Dr. Kim Nordstrom discusses a valuable bedside tool for evidence-based assessment in patients that visit the ED and are at risk for suicidality. Dr. Nordstrom is a practicing emergency...

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Podcast 750: Take Home Naloxone

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Think about giving take home naloxone kits for anyone on long-term opioids as well as anyone with an opioid use disorder, those in...

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Podcast 749: PCC for Me?

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Prothrombin complex concentrate (Kcentra)  and Vitamin K are used to reverse life-threatening bleeds in patients on warfarin (Coumadin) Factors II, VII, IX, and...

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Podcast 748: Botulism

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Botulism requires a prompt clinical diagnosis as lab results can take about 5 days to return Whale blubber, honey, home fermented foods, homemade...

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Podcast 747: Food Impaction

Contributor: Ricky Dhaliwal, MD Educational Pearls: Esophageal food impaction can be managed in the ED prior to calling GI for endoscopy Coca-cola, glucagon, benzodiazepines, calcium channel blockers, and dissolved...

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Podcast 746: Elderly Head Trauma on Anticoagulation

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Biggest study to date examined new protocol for repeat head CT in anticoagulated elderly patients with head trauma and an initial negative head...

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Podcast 745: Nitrous-Induced B12 Deficiency

Contributor: Alicia Oberle, MD Educational Pearls: Nitrous oxide (N2O) can cause a vitamin B12 deficiency in patients after regular use N2O is used in procedural sedation but also as...

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Podcast 744: Glucagon for Beta Blocker Toxicity

Educational Pearls: Glucagon can be used to treat hypoglycemia and esophageal foreign body, but it can also be used in beta-blocker toxicity to bypass cardiac beta-blockade The superior option...

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Podcast 743: Rust Rings

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: A rust ring can occur after a metallic foreign body is left in the eye for a prolonged period of time Issues occur...

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Podcast 742: Pulse Check During CPR

  Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Pulse checks are necessary during CPR to check for return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) Previous studies have shown that assessing ROSC with...

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Podcast 741: Calcium for Cardiac Arrest

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Study of nearly 400 patients evaluating giving calcium during cardiac arrest with the endpoint as return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) Compared giving 1...

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Podcast 740: Placenta Previa

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: High concern causes of third trimester vaginal bleeding include placenta previa, placental abruption, or vasa previa In placenta previa, the placenta implants over...

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Podcast 739: Perceptions of Dress

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Study examined patient perceptions of providers wearing traditional white coats,  fleece coats and soft-shell jackets Found that white coats were seen as more...

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Podcast 738: Acute Mesenteric Ischemia

Contributor: Ian Gillman, PA-C Educational Pearls: Acute mesenteric ischemia is a condition where bowel loses blood supply from an acute occlusion of the mesenteric arteries A frequent sign is...

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Podcast 737: TBI Outcomes

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Study evaluating patient outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) over 1 year Trial followed patients with severe TBI (GCS 3-8) and moderate TBI...

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Podcast 736: Seasonal Affective Disorder

Contributor: Adam Barkin, MD Educational Pearls: Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) a form of seasonal depression which can result in trouble sleeping, concentration difficulties, changes in appetite, and decreased mood...

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Podcast 735: End Tidal CO2 and BiPAP

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: End tidal CO2 is accurate to 1-4 mmHg in intubated patient but use with those on positive pressure ventilation like BiPAP is unclear...

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Podcast 734: Push Dose Antibiotics

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Recent study at a hospital in Chicago with a shortage of normal saline decided to push IV ceftriaxone rather than the typical infusion...

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Podcast 733: Nitric Oxide for COVID

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Inhaled nitric oxide or Flolan may be considered in COVID Flolan is a prostaglandin can be inhaled or given IV These medications are...

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Podcast 732: Organophosphate Toxicity

Educational Pearls: Organophosphates affect the cholinergic system by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase affecting muscarinic and nicotinic receptors Symptoms include lacrimation, salivation, bronchoconstriction, blurred vision, bradycardia, bronchorrhea, emesis, and diarrhea Initially, the...

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Podcast 731: Fluid Resuscitation in Burns

Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: Parkland Formula: 4 mL x [Total Body Surface Area Burned (%)] x [body weight (kg)] given in 24 hours 50% given over 8...

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Podcast 730: Alternative Treatment for Gonorrhea

Educational Pearls: Recent updates to treatment guidelines increased the 250 mg ceftriaxone IM dose to 500 mg ceftriaxone IM IM dosing can be very painful, so other methods of...

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Podcast 729: Molnupiravir for COVID

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: A press release from Merck introduced Molnupiravir for treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 The yet to be published study is a randomized...

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Podcast 728: Angiography for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest without ST Elevation

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Meaningful survival under 10% for out of hospital cardiac arrest The most common cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is due to cardiac ischemia...

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Podcast 727: Antibiotics for Diverticulitis

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Classically, diverticulitis is diagnosed via CT scan and patients are discharged home on antibiotics if they are without complication The DINAMO study is...

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Podcast 725: Hypothermia in Preterm Deliveries

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Preterm deliveries in the ED can be complex and preventing hypothermia is essential to the health of the baby Recent meta-analysis examined methods...

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Podcast 724: Ivermectin Overdose

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Ivermectin is a Nobel-Prize winning antiparasitic  used to treat filariasis and onchocerciasis Ivermectin is receiving press due to a scientific study examining ivermectin...

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Podcast 723: Nitro Drip in Flash Pulmonary Edema

Contributor: Alec Coston, MD Educational Pearls: Flash pulmonary edema or Sympathetic Crash Acute Pulmonary Edema (SCAPE) is a severe illness that requires aggressive treatment Often in patients with heart...

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On the Streets #12: Salient Pre-hospital Considerations for Neurosurgical Emergencies – a Smorgasbord Part II

In this podcast, we are back again with host, Jordan Ourada, and neurosurgeon, Dr. Eddie Tsvankin as they discuss an exciting and mind-blowing array of topics pertaining to neurosurgery....

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Podcast 722: Lower Extremity Dislocations

Contributor: Donald Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Hip Dislocation Prolonged dislocations can impair blood supply to femoral head Hip dislocation for >6 hours puts patient at high risk for needing...

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Podcast 721: Blakemore & Minnesota Tubes: Part II

Contributor: Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls: To place a Blakemore/Minnesota Tube: Insert into esophagus under visualization Inflate gastric port with 60 cc of air and obtain a chest xray...

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On the Streets #11: Salient Pre-hospital Considerations for Neurosurgical Emergencies – a Smorgasbord

On this episode of On The Streets, host, Jordan Ourada sits down with neurosurgeon/neurooncologist Dr. Eddie Tsvankin to discuss various topics concerning neurosurgery and how EMS workers in the...

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Podcast 720: Blakemore & Minnesota Tubes: Part I

Contributor: Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls: Minnesota Tube has an extra port for suctioning otherwise is the same as a Blakemore Tube Indicated in MASSIVE upper GI bleeding often...

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Podcast 719: Normal Saline vs. Tap Water for Wound Irrigation

Contributor: Ricky Dhaliwal, MD Educational Pearls: Multiple RCTs and a Cochrane Review found there is no difference in wound infection rates when irrigating with tap water  Pressure of the...

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Podcast 718: Renal Failure Follow Up

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Patients with acute renal failure often need medical management for hyperkalemia Those with severe electrolyte derangements or absent renal function may need emergent...

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Podcast 717: A cautionary tale of renal failure

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Hyperkalemia can cause EKG changes such as a widened QRS The fastest electrolyte results can be obtained off a VBG with electrolytes  or...

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Podcast 716: Resuscitation Fluids

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Fluid choice may have an impact on outcomes in resuscitation, and a meta-analysis has relevant insight into their use in sepsis and trauma...

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Podcast 715: Heated High Flow O2

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: High flow nasal cannula (HFNC) or “heated high flow” can deliver higher oxygen levels than nasal cannula It typically is used as an...

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Podcast 714: Intradermal Sterile Water for Back Pain

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Randomized controlled-trial evaluated intradermal injections of sterile water to manage low back pain versus an IV NSAID Four intradermal injections of 0.1 cc...

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Podcast 713: Oral Ketamine

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Those on chronic opioid therapy may have high tolerance to opioids and/or opioid hyperalgesia Ketamine is a good adjunct for pain control in...

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Podcast 712: Cephalosporin with a Penicillin Allergy

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Retrospective cohort study in the Kaiser system looked at over 4 million patients receiving antibiotics to determine the effect of penicillin allergy prompts...

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On the Streets #10: IO Administration Gone Awry

Dr. Glenda Quan, trauma surgeon from Swedish Medical Center joins our host Jordan Ourada to review a case of an incorrectly placed IO and how to avoid it. The...

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Podcast 711: Insulin Pumps

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Insulin pumps provide a continuous infusion of fast-acting insulin using a basal rate and bolus prior to meals Some connect to a continuous...

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Podcast 710: Droperidol vs. Zyprexa

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Prospective trial studied 5 mg IM droperidol to 10 mg IM olanzapine (Zyprexa) in the reducing levels of agitation Time to adequate sedation...

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Podcast 709: Clown Therapy

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Using LET, procedural sedation, and distraction techniques are often needed to successfully perform painful procedures in pediatrics patients The technique of clown therapy...

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Podcast 708: Diagnostic Paracentesis

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: Paracentesis is a procedure where fluid is removed from the peritoneal cavity by needle Indications for paracentesis include: large volume paracentesis (5-6L), diagnosis...

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Podcast 707: Sigmoid Volvulus

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Sigmoid volvulus occurs when the sigmoid colon twists 180 to 360 degrees 10% of intestinal obstructions in the US; 50-70% of intestinal obstructions...

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Podcast 706: Pepper Spray Decon

  Contributor: Ramnik Dhaliwal, MD JD Educational Pearls: Pepper spray is a highly irritating compound with active ingredient of capsaicin Techniques to help decontaminate and alleviate symptoms of an...

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Podcast 705: Pyloric Stenosis

  Contributor: Neil Cella, MD Educational Pearls: Pylorus becomes hypertrophied and does not allow food or liquid to pass through to the duodenum Occurs between the ages of 3...

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Podcast 704: Treatment of Pneumothorax

Contributor: Adam Barkin, MD Educational Pearls: Multi-center open-label non-inferiority trial looked at treatment of pneumothorax with a small-bore chest tube versus conservative management with exceptional follow up 316 patients...

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Mental Health Monthly #8: Trauma-Informed Care

Contributor: Randi Libbon, MD The Core features of trauma-informed care include: Patient empowerment, choice and collaboration. This means educating patients and allowing patients to make choices about their care...

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Podcast 703: Fever in Infants

Contributor: Neil Cella, MD  Educational Pearls: <29 day old well-appearing febrile infant: 10% of patients <29 days old with a fever (>100.4) have an serious bacterial infection Most of...

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Podcast 702: Paralytic Awareness

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Known risk factors for being awake and paralyzed in the OR include only receiving IV medications, long-acting paralytics, and no formal monitoring system...

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Podcast 701: Elevated Blood Pressure Readings

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Recent retrospective cohort study looked at elevated BP readings in the ED and correlation to underlying hypertension Large cohort of over 30,000 patients...

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Podcast 700: Analgesics for Acute Musculoskeletal Pain

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Recent RCT compared pain relief in patients receiving five medications for acute musculoskeletal pain Acetaminophen 1000mg/ibuprofen 400 mg  Acetaminophen 1000mg/ibuprofen 800 mg Acetaminophen...

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Podcast 699: Pediatric Fingernail Avulsions

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Traditionally, fingernails were replaced after avulsion using sutures Sometimes artificial material was placed when the fingernail was not available Recent study evaluated treatment...

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Podcast 698: Empathy, Burnout, and Patient Satisfaction

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Survey of EM physicians to self-report empathy and burnout levels and correlated with patient satisfaction scores Patient satisfaction was not affected by what...

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Podcast 697: Kounis Syndrome

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Kounis syndrome is an allergic acute coronary syndrome Triggers include medications (antibiotics), insect bites, or other common allergens Believed to be due to...

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Podcast 696: ST Elevation and Differential Diagnoses

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: ST elevation clinical guidelines for myocardial infarction include: 2.5 mm elevation for males <40 in V2 and V3 2 mm elevation in males...

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Podcast 695: Einstein and Cellophane

Educational Pearls: Albert Einstein had chronic abdominal pain as a middle-aged man Dr. Rudolph Nissen, founder of the Nissen fundoplication, performed exploratory surgery for this pain and found an...

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Podcast 694: Complete Heart Block

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Complete heart block or 3rd degree atrioventricular (AV) block is diagnosed via EKG and occurs when electrical signals from the sinoatrial (SA) node...

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Podcast 693: Humerus Fractures

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Humerus fractures can be characterized as proximal, midshaft, and distal fractures Proximal humerus fracture is the second-most common fracture in elderly patients  Primary...

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Podcast 692: Pelvic Fractures

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: Pelvis is comprised of the iliac, ischium, and sacrum Three mechanisms for pelvic fractures by Young-Burgess Classification Anterior-posterior compression causing open-book pelvic fractures...

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Podcast 691: TXA in Head Bleeds

Contributor: Ricky Dhaliwal, MD Educational Pearls: CRASH 3 Trial looked at over 12,000 patients with traumatic intracranial bleeds, randomizing patients to a therapy with TXA or standard of care...

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Podcast 690: Rectal Oxygen. Nice,

Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: In the 1700s, boxes lined the River Thames to pump smoke up the rectum to resuscitate people who had been found unconscious in...

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Podcast 689: Peri-Intubation Hypotension

Contributor: Ricky Dhaliwal, MD Educational Pearls: Hypotension in patients requiring intubation should be resuscitated as much as possible While intubating, the negative inspiratory pressure goes away decreasing cardiac preload...

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Podcast 688: tPA Before Thrombectomy

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: DEVT Trial, a recent non-inferiority study, looked at giving tPA prior to endovascular thrombectomy and was stopped early because there was no benefit...

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Podcast 687: STI Complications

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) occurs when the infection ascends into the uterus Tubo-ovarian abscess occurs when the infection ascends to the fallopian tubes...

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Podcast 686: Vaginal Self Swabs

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Recent study evaluated vaginal self swab testing for STIs to determine if they are equally sensitive to provider-obtained swab 515 patients consented to...

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Podcast 685: Cultural Sensitivity with LGBTIQ+ Patients

Contributor: Dr. Nick Gorton, MD Educational Pearls: Use transgender people’s correct names and pronouns, the Russell study found a 56% reduction in suicide behavior with chosen name usage ⅕...

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Podcast 684: Acidosis

Contributor:  Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: pH <7.35 = acidemia; pH>7.45=alkalemia If pH low and pCO2 high, indicates a respiratory acidosis If pH low and pCO2 low, indicates metabolic...

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