Podcast 731: Fluid Resuscitation in Burns - The Emergency Medical Minute

Podcast 731: Fluid Resuscitation in Burns

Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD

Educational Pearls:

  • Parkland Formula: 4 mL x [Total Body Surface Area Burned (%)] x [body weight (kg)] given in 24 hours
    • 50% given over 8 hours and 50% given over the next 16 hours
  • Brooke Formula: 2 mL x [Total Body Surface Area Burned (%)] x [body weight (kg)] given in 24 hours
    • 50% given over 8 hours and 50% given over the next 16 hours
  • 2009 military study evaluated Parkland vs. Brooke formulas for severe burn patients and found the outcomes were the same
  • Guidelines are in flux on which formula to use, but reducing the overall volume using the Brooke formula can be done without significant change in morbidity or mortality
  • Using fluid responsiveness by measuring urine output and signs of fluid overload can help guide overall resuscitative approach in burn patients

References

Chung KK, Wolf SE, Cancio LC, et al. Resuscitation of severely burned military casualties: fluid begets more fluid. J Trauma. 2009;67(2):231-237. doi:10.1097/TA.0b013e3181ac68cf

Schaefer TJ, Nunez Lopez O. Burn Resuscitation And Management. [Updated 2021 Aug 11]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK430795/

Summarized by John Spartz, MS4 | Edited by Erik Verzemnieks, MD

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