Contributor: Tom Seibert, MD
- Acute Mountain sickness (AMS) can cause headache along with fatigue, nausea, vomiting, insomnia
- Typically occurs above 6500 feet (not 65,000) in elevation
- Acclimation to altitude can help prevent symptoms
- if not treated, AMS can advance to severe illness involving cerebral or pulmonary edema.
- Mild symptoms can be managed with rest but more severe symptoms will require descent, oxygen, acetazolamide and steroids
- Acetazolamide can be used as both a preventative and therapeutic drug
Davis C, Hackett P. Advances in the Prevention and Treatment of High Altitude Illness. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2017 May;35(2):241-260. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2017.01.002. PMID: 28411926.
Summarized by Jackson Roos, MS4 | Edited by Erik Verzemnieks, MD