Uncategorized Archives - Page 5 of 33 - The Emergency Medical Minute

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Podcast # 469: Go PO

Author: Dave Rosenberg, MD Educational Pearls: Nothing by mouth (NPO) status routinely used before surgery to reduce the theoretical risk of aspiration However, surgery poses a large physiological stress. Calories and fluid are needed to overcome stresses like these Patients who drank 1/2 strength Gatorade up to 2 hours before surgery did better than those…

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Podcast # 468: Typhlitis

Educational Pearls: Tiflitis refers to the presence of enterocolitis in the setting of neutropenia – also known as neutropenic enterocolitis Commonly a result of chemotherapy for hematologic malignancies. The infection is usually polymicrobial/fungal and can lead to septic shock Usually presents with fever, abdominal pain, with associated GI complaints Workup includes CBC for the ANC…

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Podcast # 467: Cauda Equina Syndrome

Author: Erik Verzemnieks, MD Educational Pearls: Cauda equina syndrome is caused by the compression of the nerve roots that extend beyond the termination of the spinal cord Trauma, infection, hematoma, disc rupture/herniation can cause this – basically anything that can cause pressure and fill space Symptoms can include saddle anesthesia, lower extremity pain, numbness, incontinence,…

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Podcast # 466: Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

Author: Nicholas Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Measles has a period of infectivity starts before the appearance of the characteristic rash, up to 4-5 days A devastating consequence of measles is Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis (SSPE), which manifests 7-10 years after the initial measles infection SSPE is a central nervous system disease that has no cure and…

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Podcast # 465: As easy and 1, 2, 10 – Capillary Refill and Sepsis

Author: Ryan Circh, MD Educational Pearls: The 2019 ANDROMEDA-SHOCK trial compared using serum lactates to capillary refill assessment in septic shock patients to guide resuscitation Capillary refill time was standardized (this is not straightforward): A glass microscope slide was pressed on the ventral side of the right index finger Pressure was increased until the skin…

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Podcast # 464: Narcan’t?

Author: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: A problem of take-home-naloxone is the administration of it by an able-bodied bystander Australian study looked at consecutive opioid overdose deaths in a single year to identify characteristics of overdose and potential for bystander administered naloxone Of the 235 fatal heroin overdoses reviewed, 83% were alone with only 17%…

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Podcast # 463: Buproprion Overdose

Author: Erik Verzemnieks, MD Educational Pearls: Buproprion is used as an antidepressant and for smoking cessation Severe buproprion overdoses can cause seizures and lead to cardiac dysrhythmias Benzodiazepines are treatment of choice for seizures Bicarbonate and Interlipid are also possible treatment options with less evidence References Stall N, Godwin J, Juurlink D. Bupropion abuse and…

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Podcast # 462: Death after OD

Author: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: 10% of patients seen in the emergency department for opioid overdose patients will die within a year Half of these overdoses will occur in the next month This mortality rate is higher than patients with STEMI, of which 7% will die within one year Take-home naloxone, as well as…

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Podcast # 461: Breath Stacking

Author: Gretchen Hinson, MD Educational Pearls: Breath stacking occurs when a patient is unable to expire fully before another inspiration In intubated/ventilated patients, this is because adequate time has not passed before exhalation Asthmatics are susceptible due to the prolonged expiratory phase Complications can include reduction in cardiac preload and cardiovascular collapse Pursed-lip breathing can…

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Podcast # 460: Hunting for PE in Syncope

Author:  Michael Hunt, MD Educational Pearls:   Most causes of syncope are benign Pulmonary embolism can result in syncope and is life threatening A recent study of Canadian and US ED patients with syncope showed that 0.4% of patients had a PE at 30 day follow-up PE should always be considered in cases of syncope…

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