Trauma Archives - Page 3 of 9 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Trauma

Podcast 589:  Management of Dental Trauma

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: Dental fractures are described by the Ellis classifications, which are based on the involvement of layers of the teeth: Ellis I: involvement of the enamel  Ellis II: involvement of the enamel and dentin Ellis III: involvement of the enamel, dentin, and pulp While Ellis I injuries can be sent…

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On the Streets #7: Burns in the Pre-Hospital and ED Setting

Burns are low-volume, high-acuity injuries that require special attention and care from the pre-hospital team to the Emergency Department and finally to a dedicated burn unit and ICU. As a first responder in the pre-hospital setting, there are a couple things that need to remain at the forefront of your mind when dealing with burn…

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Podcast 569:  The eFAST Exam

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls:.   Focused assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) exam and the extended-FAST (eFAST) are essential components of current trauma care and evaluation There has been an accumulation of research to provide an estimate of effectiveness of identifying certain injuries with ultrasound: For identifying a pneumothorax, the sensitivity ~70% and specificity…

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Podcast 563:  DC ACs

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: An AC (acromioclavicular joint) separation in the shoulder is a common traumatic injury XRs can help rule out other injuries as well as help with grading the injury There are six different grades for AC separations: Grade I: is stretching of the AC ligament without disruption or displacement of…

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Podcast 543: Scoring Blunt Traumatic Aortic Injury

Author: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Aortic injury caused by blunt trauma is very rare Chest x-ray findings might include widening of the mediastinum Ligamentum arteriosum (remnant of the ductus arteriosus) tethers the aorta to the chest wall, potentially causing injury with abrupt decelerations and motion XR lacks significant sensitivity (around 75%) to be utilized…

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Podcast 541: Needle Thoracostomy

Author: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Traditional technique of needle thoracostomy for tension penumothorax is along the 2nd intercostal space at the midclavicular line Inserting a large angiocatheter along the 4th or 5th intercostal space at the mid-axillary line may provide a thinner area that is more easily identified, overcoming many of the obstacles of…

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Podcast 538:  Low Maintenance Boxer’s Fracture

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: A distal 5th metacarpal neck fracture is often referred to as a “boxer’s fracture” and a common fracture encountered in the emergency department Splinting with an ulnar gutter splint is the typical management of uncomplicated boxer’s fractures A recent study randomized patients to buddy taping or ulnar gutter splint…

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Podcast 535: A Prescription for Falls

Contributor:  Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls:   Emergency department evaluation of falls, particularly in the elderly, should include an assessment of risk factors Common causes of falls in the elderly include medications. Review medication list for sedating medications amongst others Consult with your hospital physical therapist to discuss fall prevention techniques with the patient One…

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Podcast 521: Traumatic Hyphema 

Author: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: A hyphema is blood in the anterior chamber of the eye, typically caused by trauma While there is a spectrum of disease, blurred vision and eye pain are common presenting complaints after direct trauma to the eye Hyphema are graded between Grade 1 and Grade 5, depending on the…

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When MCC Stands for Motorcycle Crash and Most Common Cause

When MCC stands for motorcycle crash and most common cause Chief Complaint: Left Arm Pain HPI: 27 y/o RHD female presented via EMS. Patient was a helmeted passenger on a motorcycle that was hit by a car immediately prior to EMS arrival. Upon EMS arrival, the patient was lying in the supine position with an…

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