Trauma Archives - Page 3 of 8 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Trauma

Podcast 535: A Prescription for Falls

Contributor:  Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls:   Emergency department evaluation of falls, particularly in the elderly, should include an assessment of risk factors Common causes of falls in the elderly include medications. Review medication list for sedating medications amongst others Consult with your hospital physical therapist to discuss fall prevention techniques with the patient One…

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Podcast 521: Traumatic Hyphema 

Author: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: A hyphema is blood in the anterior chamber of the eye, typically caused by trauma While there is a spectrum of disease, blurred vision and eye pain are common presenting complaints after direct trauma to the eye Hyphema are graded between Grade 1 and Grade 5, depending on the…

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When MCC Stands for Motorcycle Crash and Most Common Cause

When MCC stands for motorcycle crash and most common cause Chief Complaint: Left Arm Pain HPI: 27 y/o RHD female presented via EMS. Patient was a helmeted passenger on a motorcycle that was hit by a car immediately prior to EMS arrival. Upon EMS arrival, the patient was lying in the supine position with an…

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Podcast 515: Non-Accidental Trauma 

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Non-accidental trauma (NAT) to children is commonly missed by medical providers Try to remember TEN-4-FACES as a useful aide for concerning patterns that may reflect NAT: Torso, ears, neck and any bruising in child 4 months or longer Frenulum, angle of the mandible, cheek, eyes, sclera References Pierce MC,…

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Podcast 504: Ocular Compartment Syndrome

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: The eye is surrounded by relatively inflexible tissues such as the bone of the orbit and the fibrous tissue of the eye. This makes it relatively susceptible to damage from outside compression, which is most common from trauma. This phenomenon is called ocular compartment syndrome (OCS)  Look for OCS…

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Podcast # 498: Ortho Tips

Author: Susan Ryan, DO Educational Pearls: General orthopedic principles: Examine above and below the injury Document neurovascular status X-ray imaging typically requires three different views Fracture description should include name the bone, location of fracture, degree of displacement, and if it is closed or open Osgood-Schlatter (tibia) and Sever’s (calcaneus) disease are apophyseal injuries caused…

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Podcast # 495: Trauma in the Elderly 

Author: Rachel Brady, MD Educational Pearls: Elderly patients (>65 years old) have a higher trauma mortality compared to younger patients, even though they have lower mechanisms of injury Elder trauma is often under-triaged due to low-energy mechanisms and lack of physiologic response due to age and medications such as beta-blockers. Do not be reassured by…

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Podcast # 435 : UCL Injury

Author: Ryan Circh, MD Educational Pearls: Ulnar collateral ligament injury is often called gamekeeper’s thumb or skier’s thumb Can results from traumatic deviating the thumb radially (abduction) Poor rabbits Have a low threshold for referral to hand surgery for follow up – treatment for minor injuries can be conservative but more severe require surgery to…

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Podcast # 426: Ho Ho – Oh No!

Author: Katrina Iverson, MD Educational Pearls: The winter holiday months present a unique picture of patient presentations to the emergency department Some of the unique presentations include: Children falling off Santa’s lap Sledding injuries Falling off ladders Lacerations, ingestion, and insertion of broken ornaments (pediatrics) Parents tend to hurt themselves on their children’s toys References:…

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Podcast # 423: Blunt Cardiac Injuries

Author: Mike Hunt, MD Educational Pearls:   Blunt cardiac injuries most commonly occur in motor vehicle collisions, auto-pedestrian collisions, and from sports injuries The more anterior right ventricle is the most commonly injured structure Look for new EKG changes such as bundle branch blocks, ST changes, or other arrhythmias New EKG abnormalities should prompt consideration…

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