Toxicology Archives - Page 9 of 9 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Toxicology

Podcast #26: Salicylate and Camphor Poisoning

Run Time: 2 minutes Author: Dr. John Winkler Educational Pearls: Camphor from Vicks Vapor rub and Tigerbalm has a very low toxic level and can cause lethargy, altered mental status, and seizures – very dangerous for children. Oil of Wintergreen contains Salicylates – basically aspirin – which only takes 1 teaspoon to be deadly for…

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Podcast #15: Ketamine!

Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Dr. Michael Hunt Educational Pearls: Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic that can be used for sedation, anesthesia, or to calm down agitated patients. Can be given IV at 1-2 mg per kilo or IM at 4-5 mg per kilo every ten minutes and will last anywhere from five to thirty minutes…

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Podcast #12: TXA in the ED

Run Time: 3 minutes Author: Dr. Nicholas Hatch Educational Pearls: TXA is short for tranexamic acid. Most often use in the ED is with severe bleeding or problematic bleeding associated with trauma. Crash II trial determined the benefit of TXA is only applicable for about three hours after a trauma. Typical dosing is 1 gram in…

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Podcast #7: Heroin Overdose and OTC Narcan

Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Dr. Donald Stader Educational Pearls: Mexico is number 2 in opium production in the world – Opioids now kill more people than car accidents in the United States. Heroine originally marketed as a less addictive form of Morphine – actually more addictive. 20 in 100,000 deaths in CO are due to…

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Podcast #4: Isopropyl Alcohol for Nausea

Run Time: 5 minutes Author: Dr. Donald Stader Educational Pearls: Can be inhaled for relief from nausea – works for approximately 50% of people within 10 minutes. Administered by cupping the swab in the hands and inhaling through the nose and exhaling out of the mouth. Works through a process known as olfactory distraction, but it…

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Podcast #2: Buprenorphine

  Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Dr. Jared Scott Educational Pearls: Semi-synthetic methadone used for chronic pain and nausea treatment. Partial agonist to opioid receptors, which decreases respiratory depression – theoretically decreases likelihood of respiratory arrest in a patient who overdoses. Patients on Buprenorphine chronically need Sufentanil for surgery – 10 times more potent than Fentanyl…

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