Psychiatric Archives - Page 2 of 2 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Psychiatric

Mental Health Monthly #2: Non-Epileptic Seizures (NES)

Non Epileptic Seizures (NES) is perhaps one of the most misunderstood and overlooked disorders that emergency medicine professionals encounter. Dr. Randi Libbon & Dr. Laura Strom, both experts on NES, explain the ongoing research surrounding the topic as well as how to best manage patients with NES in the emergency setting. To learn more about…

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Mental Health Monthly #1: Decision Making Capacity

In the first episode of this new series, the complexities of decision making capacity are discussed. References and Further Reading: [1] Appelbaum, P. S. (2007). Assessment of patients’ competence to consent to treatment. New England Journal of Medicine, 357(18), 1834-1840.   [2] Etchells, E., Darzins, P., Silberfeld, M., Singer, P. A., McKenny, J., Naglie, G., ……

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Podcast 502: EMS Psych Clearance

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Patients with psychiatric complaints are often complicated to disposition from the main ED, and many will require inpatient psychiatric stays Some health systems have dedicated psychiatric ED’s that are specialized in taking care of these patients For example, in Oakland, CA, EMS are permitted to “clear” a patient for…

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Podcast # 478: Psychedelics and Depression

Author: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: Hallucinogenic drugs have been in use since ancient times for both medical and recreational purposes Ayahausca is an ancient psychedelic with origins in Bolivia that causes intense vomiting followed by a psychedelic experience This and other hallucinogens are gaining gaining interest for their use in depression with some startling…

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Podcast #408: Go the hell to sleep

Author: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Recent study showed efficacy 5mg IM midazolam > 10mg IM olanzapine > 10mg IM haloperidol for quickly sedating an agitated patient If you have access, ketamine intravenous is the fastest Olanzapine should be used with caution in elderly patients because of its anticholinergic properties Ketamine can transiently worsen psychosis…

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Podcast #314: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES)

Author: Gretchen Hinson, M.D. Educational Pearls: PNES vs. epilepsy: postictal state is diagnostic of an epileptic seizure (sonorous respirations and/or confusion, lasting typically 20-30 minutes); Epileptiform seizures show decrease in convulsion frequency, but increase in convulsion amplitude while PNES convulsions demonstrate episodic convulsion amplitudes; and epileptiform seizures usually do not pause. PNES is a form…

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Podcast #304: Nostalgia

Author: Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls Johannes Hoffer coined term Nostalgia in 1688 in his medical dissertation.   Nostalgia was a formal medical diagnosis, and one that dates back to 17th century when soldiers had longing for home and melancholy with a constellation of symptoms including lethargy, sadness, disturbed sleep, heart palpitations, GI complaints, and/or…

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Podcast #221: Walking Corpse Syndrome

Podcast #221: Walking Corpse Syndrome Author: Erik Verzemnieks, M.D. Educational Pearls Walking Corpse Syndrome (aka Cotard Delusion) is a very rare psychiatric disorder that leads to the belief that one is a “walking corpse”. Often co-presents with depression, schizophrenia, and starvation. Responds to ECT. References: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cotard_delusion

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Podcast #15: Ketamine!

Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Dr. Michael Hunt Educational Pearls: Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic that can be used for sedation, anesthesia, or to calm down agitated patients. Can be given IV at 1-2 mg per kilo or IM at 4-5 mg per kilo every ten minutes and will last anywhere from five to thirty minutes…

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