Pharmacology Archives - Page 4 of 12 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Pharmacology

Podcast 561:  Give Bup

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Buprenorphine has been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality in opioid use disorder Buprenorphine used in naloxone-induced withdrawals can displace naloxone at opioid receptors, leading to reduced withdrawal symptoms and lessen the chance of using after discharge Patients in acute withdrawal due to naloxone after an overdose should be…

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Podcast #555:  Anticoagulation vs. Antiplatelet

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: When do we give antiplatelet drugs or anti-coagulation drugs? Arterial issues get antiplatelet therapy Venous issues, or slow flow states, get anticoagulation therapy. High flow areas (arteries) are more prone to platelet clotting while the venous system is more prone to allowing blockages caused by coagulation factors. The main…

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Naloxone Use to Reverse Opioid Overdose

Background Believe it or not, opioid overdose is the leading cause of death in Americans under the age of 50. That is a staggering statistic, but Naloxone (Narcan) is a drug that can reverse the effects of opioid overdose. The mechanism of Naloxone in vivo is believed to work by competitive antagonist activity at several…

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COVID-19 Digest: Hydroxychloroquine Update (Recorded 4/3/20)

Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD In our coverage of COVID-19 this week, we’ve investigated the shakey evidence for NSAID use making COVID worse, heard first-hand accounts from ED clinicians with COVID, and looked at the status of testing in the United States. Before capping our week of coverage off, we wanted to analyze some of the…

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COVID-19 Digest: Do NSAIDs Make COVID-19 More Severe? (Recorded 3/30/20, 18:00 MST)

Host: Elizabeth Esty, MD In the past two weeks, warnings, questions, and misinformation concerning COVID-19 and NSAID use have been spreading…no pun intended..virally. The pace of this evolving pandemic and the equally quick pace of the news and social media news cycle have meant that information and misinformation travel equally fast. Today we bring to…

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Podcast 551:  PPIs are Not Benign

  Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: PPIs (Proton pump inhibitors) reduce stomach acid levels and are commonly prescribed in patients with GERD or peptic ulcer disease Stopping a PPI after sustained use for a month or longer can lead to withdrawal – causing a rebound indigestion or reflux due to a surge in acid…

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Podcast 550: Good ol’ Versed

Contributor: Sam Killian, MD Educational Pearls: Agitation can be due to a number of causes, but regardless of the cause, sedation often plays a key role in patient and provider safety. But what is the best sedative agent? A study looked at control of agitation with intramuscular medication. Specifically, 5 different IM sedative agents were…

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Podcast 549:  Just Use Epineprhine

Contributor: Sam Killian, MD Educational Pearls: Classic dogma teaching that epinephrine should not be used in the fingers, nose, penis, and toes when performing local anesthesia due to concerns for ischemia is wrong This has been well documented in multiple literature reviews A prospective, randomized double-blind study compared lidocaine vs lidocaine with epinephrine for finger…

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Podcast 540:   Zyprexa 

Contributor:  Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Olanzapine (Zyprexa) is an atypical antipsychotic that can be used in a similar fashion to haloperidol for pain and nausea, including that with abdominal pain and headaches Olanzapine can be administered as an oral disolving tablets, intramuscular or intravenous injection Because Zyprexa is an atypical antipsychotic, it has a…

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Podcast 539:  Coricidin Abuse

Contributor:  Rachel Beham, PharmD Educational Pearls: Coricidin HBP Cough & Cold (dextromethorphan and chlorpheniramine) is one of the more commonly abused over-the-counter medications Dextromethorphan, binds to multiple receptors, particularly at high doses Opioid receptors, causing respiratory depression, CNS depression NMDA receptors, causing agitation and hallucinations Serotonin-reuptake inhibition, which may lead to serotonin syndrome, especially when…

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