OB-Gyn Archives - The Emergency Medical Minute

OB-Gyn

A Rare Package Delivery

A Rare Package Delivery Chief Complaint: Can we get a doctor? HPI: 37-year-old female presents to the ED. Triage nurse announces on the overhead paging system for a doctor to an acute room. In the background, a woman screaming is heard. Due to the acuity of the clinical picture, no further history is obtained. Pertinent…

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Podcast 565: Cesarean Scar Pregnancies

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: A cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy occurs when the pregnancy implants along the scar tissue deep in the myometrium from a prior cesarean surgery, felt to be precipitated by a small fissure or fistula residual in the scar Diagnosis can be challenging and ultrasound may not clearly show this type…

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Podcast 508: Are you with child?

Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: In ancient Egypt, pregnant women would urinate over barley and wheat seeds to help determine the sex of thier fetus, as well as if they were pregnant. Amazingly, this has 70% accuracy (!!) for determining pregnancy (not sex). Piss Prophets in the middle ages would examine urine for changes…

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Podcast # 479: Clots and Pregnancy

Author:  Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Pregnancy is a hypercoagulable state, which predisposes women to venous thromboembolism, but also elevates levels of circulating d-dimer A recent study evaluated the YEARS protocol in combination of adjusted d-dimer cutoffs in pregnant women to evaluate for DVT and PE Using this protocol, only 1 DVT was missed. No…

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Podcast # 470: Zofran and Pregnancy

Author: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Ondansetron (Zofran) is one of the latest drugs that has had concerns raised about side effects, particularly in pregnancy 2018 study probed two birth defect databases to assess increases in 51 major birth defects with increased exposure to ondansetron Only two of the 51 had even a modest increase,…

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Podcast # 354: Hematometra

Author: Sam Killian, MD Educational Pearls: Hematometra: uterus filled with blood due to obstruction of outflow tract. Most commonly a result congenital abnormalities (imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum, etc.) but can be acquired due to cervical stenosis, intrauterine adhesions, neoplasms, and post-surgical scarring. Symptoms include: pain, abnormal bleeding, enlarged uterus Diagnosis: commonly achieved by ultrasound…

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Podcast # 339: Ectopic Pregnancy Risk Factors

Author: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Data is mixed, but some studies show 1-2% of pregnancies are ectopic. Risk factors for ectopic pregnancies include: pelvic inflammatory disease, prior ectopic pregnancy, prior abdominal surgery, prior abortion, advanced maternal age, IUD, tubal blockage, and smoking (including spouse). Greatest risk factor is a prior ectopic pregnancy, which carries…

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Podcast #320: PE in Pregnancy

Author: Don Stader, M.D. Educational Pearls: Pulmonary embolism is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality. There is disagreement among different medical societies about the value of D-dimer as a screening modality. If you use it, consider the rational D-dimer approach whereby you add 250 to your cut-off for every trimester. A useful screening…

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Podcast #225: Rhogam

Author: Dylan Luyten, M.D. Educational Pearls Rhogam is commonly used when an Rh negative woman has an Rh positive fetus. It is commonly used in the ER in the setting of a miscarriage. Rh(+) fetal blood can enter the Rh(-) maternal circulation, sensitizing the woman to the Rh antigen. During a subsequent pregnancy, if the…

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Podcast #212: Knights Who Say Pessary

Author: Jared Scott, M.D. Educational Pearls: A pessary is a device inserted into the vagina for medical purposes. Examples include birth control and mechanical support of the pelvic structures. In older women, collapse of the pelvic structures is common, and many may have pessaries to aid in treatment. References: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2876320/  

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