OB-Gyn Archives - The Emergency Medical Minute

OB-Gyn

Podcast 758: Vaccine Safety During Pregnancy

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Observational study in Israel evaluated cohort of vaccinated pregnant women receiving the initial Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 mRNA vaccine¬† Looked at 24,288 newborns with about 16,697 exposed to maternal vaccination in utero Longitudinal follow up showed no significant difference in preterm births, neonatal hospitalizations, post-natal hospitalizations, congenital abnormalities, or mortality While…

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Podcast 755: Tubo-Ovarian Abscess

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: Tubo-ovarian abscess is a rare complication of pelvic inflammatory disease Usually presents with chief complaint of abdominal pain and is often diagnosed by CT of the abdomen/pelvis Hospitalization is indicated 60-80% of patients improve with an IV anaerobic cephalosporin (cefoxitin or cefotetan) with doxycycline or using clindamycin and gentamicin…

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Podcast 740: Placenta Previa

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: High concern causes of third trimester vaginal bleeding include placenta previa, placental abruption, or vasa previa In placenta previa, the placenta implants over the cervix and this condition Often noted during routine prenatal care on transabdominal ultrasound Patients present with painful vaginal bleeding, usually in the absence of trauma…

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A Rare Package Delivery

A Rare Package Delivery Chief Complaint: Can we get a doctor? HPI: 37-year-old female presents to the ED. Triage nurse announces on the overhead paging system for a doctor to an acute room. In the background, a woman screaming is heard. Due to the acuity of the clinical picture, no further history is obtained. Pertinent…

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Podcast 565: Cesarean Scar Pregnancies

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: A cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy occurs when the pregnancy implants along the scar tissue deep in the myometrium from a prior cesarean surgery, felt to be precipitated by a small fissure or fistula residual in the scar Diagnosis can be challenging and ultrasound may not clearly show this type…

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Podcast 508: Are you with child?

Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: In ancient Egypt, pregnant women would urinate over barley and wheat seeds to help determine the sex of thier fetus, as well as if they were pregnant. Amazingly, this has 70% accuracy (!!) for determining pregnancy (not sex). Piss Prophets in the middle ages would examine urine for changes…

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Podcast # 479: Clots and Pregnancy

Author:  Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Pregnancy is a hypercoagulable state, which predisposes women to venous thromboembolism, but also elevates levels of circulating d-dimer A recent study evaluated the YEARS protocol in combination of adjusted d-dimer cutoffs in pregnant women to evaluate for DVT and PE Using this protocol, only 1 DVT was missed. No…

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Podcast # 470: Zofran and Pregnancy

Author: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Ondansetron (Zofran) is one of the latest drugs that has had concerns raised about side effects, particularly in pregnancy 2018 study probed two birth defect databases to assess increases in 51 major birth defects with increased exposure to ondansetron Only two of the 51 had even a modest increase,…

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Podcast # 354: Hematometra

Author: Sam Killian, MD Educational Pearls: Hematometra: uterus filled with blood due to obstruction of outflow tract. Most commonly a result congenital abnormalities (imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum, etc.) but can be acquired due to cervical stenosis, intrauterine adhesions, neoplasms, and post-surgical scarring. Symptoms include: pain, abnormal bleeding, enlarged uterus Diagnosis: commonly achieved by ultrasound…

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Podcast # 339: Ectopic Pregnancy Risk Factors

Author: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Data is mixed, but some studies show 1-2% of pregnancies are ectopic. Risk factors for ectopic pregnancies include: pelvic inflammatory disease, prior ectopic pregnancy, prior abdominal surgery, prior abortion, advanced maternal age, IUD, tubal blockage, and smoking (including spouse). Greatest risk factor is a prior ectopic pregnancy, which carries…

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