Medical Minute Archives - Page 3 of 74 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Medical Minute

Podcast 728: Angiography for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest without ST Elevation

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Meaningful survival under 10% for out of hospital cardiac arrest The most common cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is due to cardiac ischemia Study looked at whether taking patients without ST elevation who had an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) should receive angiography upon arrival…

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Podcast 727: Antibiotics for Diverticulitis

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Classically, diverticulitis is diagnosed via CT scan and patients are discharged home on antibiotics if they are without complication The DINAMO study is a multicenter open-label RCT that evaluated if it is safe to not give antibiotics to patients with mild acute diverticulitis Found no difference in readmission, return…

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Podcast 725: Hypothermia in Preterm Deliveries

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Preterm deliveries in the ED can be complex and preventing hypothermia is essential to the health of the baby Recent meta-analysis examined methods for warming preterm deliveries to prevent hypothermia The most effective way to warm the baby is by wrapping them in plastic References Abiramalatha T, Ramaswamy VV,…

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Podcast 724: Ivermectin Overdose

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Ivermectin is a Nobel-Prize winning antiparasitic¬† used to treat filariasis and onchocerciasis Ivermectin is receiving press due to a scientific study examining ivermectin on COVID-19 viral replication in vitro, but the dosages needed for this effect were much higher than is safe for human use Ivermectin has since been…

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Podcast 723: Nitro Drip in Flash Pulmonary Edema

Contributor: Alec Coston, MD Educational Pearls: Flash pulmonary edema or Sympathetic Crash Acute Pulmonary Edema (SCAPE) is a severe illness that requires aggressive treatment Often in patients with heart failure and a sympathetic surge increasing heart rate, decreased diastolic filling, increased preload, and increased afterload causing pulmonary edema Clinical diagnosis: acute onset diaphoresis and respiratory…

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Podcast 722: Lower Extremity Dislocations

Contributor: Donald Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Hip Dislocation Prolonged dislocations can impair blood supply to femoral head Hip dislocation for >6 hours puts patient at high risk for needing a hip replacement in the next two year Knee Dislocation High mechanism Often looks anatomically normal on knee x-ray Vascular injuries of the popliteal artery can…

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Podcast 721: Blakemore & Minnesota Tubes: Part II

Contributor: Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls: To place a Blakemore/Minnesota Tube: Insert into esophagus under visualization Inflate gastric port with 60 cc of air and obtain a chest xray to ensure the balloon below the diaphragm Once confirmed, place a total of 500cc of air into the gastric balloon via the gastric port Tie a…

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Podcast 720: Blakemore & Minnesota Tubes: Part I

Contributor: Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls: Minnesota Tube has an extra port for suctioning otherwise is the same as a Blakemore Tube Indicated in MASSIVE upper GI bleeding often due to esophageal varices Esophageal varices are dilated, tortuous vessels in the esophagus due to increased portal venous pressure that can bleeding into the upper GI…

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Podcast 719: Normal Saline vs. Tap Water for Wound Irrigation

Contributor: Ricky Dhaliwal, MD Educational Pearls: Multiple RCTs and a Cochrane Review found there is no difference in wound infection rates when irrigating with tap water¬† Pressure of the water and how extensively the wound is irrigated were the most important factors affecting infection rates Quantity and type of water were independently not as important…

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Podcast 718: Renal Failure Follow Up

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Patients with acute renal failure often need medical management for hyperkalemia Those with severe electrolyte derangements or absent renal function may need emergent dialysis as well Dialysis catheters are 12 or 14 french catheters placed in the right internal jugular or left subclavian Placement is very similar to a…

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