Medical Minute Archives - Page 2 of 74 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Medical Minute

Podcast 738: Acute Mesenteric Ischemia

Contributor: Ian Gillman, PA-C Educational Pearls: Acute mesenteric ischemia is a condition where bowel loses blood supply from an acute occlusion of the mesenteric arteries A frequent sign is abdominal pain that is out of proportion to the exam Atrial fibrillation is one risk factor for mesenteric ischemia Treatment includes anticoagulation and possible surgical intervention…

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Podcast 737: TBI Outcomes

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Study evaluating patient outcomes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) over 1 year Trial followed patients with severe TBI (GCS 3-8) and moderate TBI (GCS 9-12) At 1 year out ½ of the severe TBI group were able to be independent for at least 8 hours per day; ⅔ were…

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Podcast 736: Seasonal Affective Disorder

Contributor: Adam Barkin, MD Educational Pearls: Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) a form of seasonal depression which can result in trouble sleeping, concentration difficulties, changes in appetite, and decreased mood SAD is a common condition affecting millions of people in the US Coupling this with the stresses of COVID, these affects may be compounded To reduce…

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Podcast 735: End Tidal CO2 and BiPAP

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: End tidal CO2 is accurate to 1-4 mmHg in intubated patient but use with those on positive pressure ventilation like BiPAP is unclear Study looked at patients on BiPAP for COPD or CHF and found end tidal CO2 measurements were significantly underestimated when compared to VBG levels End tidal…

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Podcast 734: Push Dose Antibiotics

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Recent study at a hospital in Chicago with a shortage of normal saline decided to push IV ceftriaxone rather than the typical infusion of the antibiotic Retrospective chart analysis of about 800 patients to determine safety of giving a push dose of ceftriaxone Only 1 complication due to the…

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Podcast 733: Nitric Oxide for COVID

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Inhaled nitric oxide or Flolan may be considered in COVID Flolan is a prostaglandin can be inhaled or given IV These medications are classically used for right-sided heart failure, but may be used in COVID Causes pulmonary vasodilation to reduce the resistance against the right ventricle Complications include hypotension…

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Podcast 732: Organophosphate Toxicity

Educational Pearls: Organophosphates affect the cholinergic system by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase affecting muscarinic and nicotinic receptors Symptoms include lacrimation, salivation, bronchoconstriction, blurred vision, bradycardia, bronchorrhea, emesis, and diarrhea Initially, the patient should be decontaminated to prevent further organophosphate exposure Treatment consists of atropine every 5 minutes, 1-3 mg to start and doubling the dose each time…

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Podcast 731: Fluid Resuscitation in Burns

Contributor: Chris Holmes, MD Educational Pearls: Parkland Formula: 4 mL x [Total Body Surface Area Burned (%)] x [body weight (kg)] given in 24 hours 50% given over 8 hours and 50% given over the next 16 hours Brooke Formula: 2 mL x [Total Body Surface Area Burned (%)] x [body weight (kg)] given in…

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Podcast 730: Alternative Treatment for Gonorrhea

Educational Pearls: Recent updates to treatment guidelines increased the 250 mg ceftriaxone IM dose to 500 mg ceftriaxone IM IM dosing can be very painful, so other methods of administration can help decrease pain for patients Using IV ceftriaxone instead of IM has no significant difference in pharmacokinetics or bioavailability, so it can be considered…

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Podcast 729: Molnupiravir for COVID

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: A press release from Merck introduced Molnupiravir for treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 The yet to be published study is a randomized control trial at around 100 different sites Reported outcomes were hospitalization and mortality from COVID and mortality from COVID Molnupiravir was found to be twice as…

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