Infectious Disease Archives - Page 9 of 10 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Infectious Disease

Podcast #106: An Update on Zika

Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Mark Kozlowski M.D. Educational Pearls: Zika is a virus that has been around for about 50 years, but became a public concern last year. Most people who contract Zika are asymptomatic, but sometimes people will develop flu-like symptoms including fever, rash, and joint pain. Women who are pregnant and contract…

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Podcast #97: Cellulitis

Run Time: 2 minutes Author:  Ian Gillman PA-C Educational Pearls: While cellulitis is a very common condition seen in the ER, there are other conditions that can mimic cellulitis. Some of these conditions are gout, pseudogout, erythema migrans, gas gangrene, osteomyelitis, and necrotizing fasciitis. An ultrasound can be performed to confirm cellulitis, which would be…

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Podcast #83: Icky Needle Sticks

Run Time: 4 minutes Author: Dr. Nicholas Hatch Educational Pearls: Three main viruses that are concerning after having an accidental needle stick are HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Large bore needles and hollow needles with fresh blood are the highest common risk needle exposure. Conversion rate of an exposure to a large bore needle…

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Podcast #79: Fifth Disease

Run Time: 7 minutes Author: Dr. Samuel Killian Educational Pearls: Presentation: A fever and nasal congestion that began in an infant one week ago but has resolved. A rash that was predominantly over the cheeks but has spread to the rest of the body. No pain with the rash, just blistering. Diagnosis: Fifth disease or…

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Podcast #74: CAP vs. HCA Pneumonia

Run Time: 11 minutes Author: Dr. Donald Stader Educational Pearls: Pneumonia is the 8th leading cause of death in the United States – Pneumonia is coined an old man’s best friend. Pneumonia is classified by where it is, what type of infection it is, walking or classic, and the big one is community acquired vs….

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Podcast #59: The Zika Virus

Run Time: 5 minutes Author: Dr. Suzanne Chilton Educational Pearls: Zika originated in 1947 in a Risus monkey in Uganda, the first human case was in 1952 – spread by the Aedea aeygpti and the Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. For adults symptoms are mild – maculopapular rash, conjunctivitis, fever, and joint pain for several days to a…

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Podcast #52: Syphilis the Great Imitator

Run Time: 7 minutes Author: Dr. Donald Stader Educational Pearls: Syphillis is a very important historical and current disease. The study of Syhpillis or “Syphilology” evolved into the field of dermatology. Syphilis, an is caused by the spirochete bacteria, Treponema pallidum.  Syphilis comes in three stages: primary, secondary, and tertiary stages. In the primary stage, they…

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Podcast #38: Diphtheria and March 18th

Run Time: 5 minutes Author: Dr. David Rosenberg Educational Pearls: There are two cases of diphtheria per year in the United States due to our ubiquitously provided vaccinations. Diphtheria presents with a grey, leather-like appearance in the back of the throat as well as a “seal-bark” cough. This is caused by a relatively weak bacteria called Corynebacterium…

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Podcast #24: Stevens-Johnson Sydrome/ TENS

Run Time: 7 minutes Author: Dr. Donald Stader Educational Pearls: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) was first described in 1922 by pediatricians Dr. Stevens and Dr. Johnson after severe rash and skin peeling in one of their patients. SJS is described on a scale of <10% of body affected is Steve-Johnson Syndrome, 10%-30% is called Steven-Johnson/TENS, and…

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Podcast #22: Sepsis Sofa

Run Time: 2 minutes Author: Dr. Christopher Holmes Educational Pearls: Old Sepsis criteria included 2 SIRS criteria – Temperature > 100.4°F, Heart Rate >90 bpm, Respiratory Rate >20, and White Blood Cell count > 12,000 mm3 – and a suspected source of infection. New Method involves SOFA – Sequencial Organ Failure Assessment scale – which…

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