Infectious Disease Archives - The Emergency Medical Minute

Infectious Disease

Podcast 797: Vitamin C in Sepsis

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Prior, smaller studies showed intravenous Vitamin C given to patients with sepsis significantly improved patient mortality and additional outcomes.  A recently published, randomized control trial with >800 ICU patients who received up to 4 days of IV Vit C or placebo concluded that the end points of death or…

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Podcast 796: Fluid Amounts in Septic Shock

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Septic shock management has traditionally endorsed rapid fluid resuscitation and the administration of vasopressors Current guidelines are for patients to initially receive a 30 ml/kg fluid bolus then additional fluid as needed for continued hypotension The ideal volume of fluid needed to maximize patient outcomes has been debated A…

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Podcast 776: Single-Site Blood Cultures

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Traditionally, blood cultures are drawn from two separate sites despite no data to suggest this is better than drawing blood from one site Recent study evaluated multi-site versus single-site blood cultures to determine if there was a difference in accuracy or contamination Positive yield was 20% in the single-site…

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Podcast 763: Sternoclavicular Infection

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Septic arthritis can occur at any joint, including the sternoclavicular joint Sternoclavicular joint infections comprise 1% of all bone and joint infections  Patients who use intravenous drugs have a higher occurrence of this type of infection compared to the general population, accounting for 17% of all sternoclavicular joint infections…

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Don’t Pick Your Brain

don’t pick your brain Chief Complaint: Generalized Weakness HPI: 69-year-old male with a self-diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) presents to the ED via EMS for being “sick”. The patient reports he has not been able to get up so he has not eaten in 4 days. The patient reports he has not seen a doctor…

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Podcast 660: Rhabdomyolysis

Contributor:  Ricky Dhaliwal, MD Educational Pearls: Rhabdomyolysis occurs when high levels of myoglobin are released from dying muscle tissue into the blood Severe levels of myoglobin cause renal injury Causes include elevated temperature, excessive exercise, toxins, infection, muscle ischemia, crush injury, and prolonged immobilization Can also be caused by medications, like antipsychotics, statins, SSRIs, colchicine,…

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Podcast 655: Hypothermia in Sepsis

Contributor: Adam Barkin, MD Educational Pearls: Fever is an adaptive response to infection, but elderly and immunocompromised patients may not be able to mount a hyperthermic response in sepsis Patients with fever in sepsis end up receiving treatment earlier and have better outcomes Hypothermic patients with severe sepsis admitted to the ICU had a 32%…

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Podcast 624: Timing and Tips on Sepsis

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Time can be an important factor in outcomes regarding sepsis including mortality Emphasis has grown on early administration of antibiotics and IV fluids in sepsis However, early initiation of vasopressors for hypotensive patients may have significant mortality benefit as well References Hayden GE, Tuuri RE, Scott R, et al….

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Podcast 598: Sepsis, Round One

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Early antibiotics have been shown to improve outcomes in septic patients time after time Emerging evidence challenges the concept of one-size-fits-all large fluid boluses for septic shock patients and fluid may worsen patients who have underlying sepsis-induced pulmonary capillary leak Starting peripheral vasopressors early, and relaxing if fluid resuscitation…

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Pharmacy Phriday #2: Penicillin and Cephalosporin Allergies

The penicillin and cephalosporin drug classes include many first line drug options for infectious disease although high rates of self-reported allergies may cause physicians to seek alternative options. In part two of our dive into antibiotics use for infectious disease, listen as Dr. Rachael Duncan, Emergency Medicine Clinical Pharmacist, addresses the need to investigate the…

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