Genitourinary Archives - The Emergency Medical Minute

Genitourinary

Podcast 730: Alternative Treatment for Gonorrhea

Educational Pearls: Recent updates to treatment guidelines increased the 250 mg ceftriaxone IM dose to 500 mg ceftriaxone IM IM dosing can be very painful, so other methods of administration can help decrease pain for patients Using IV ceftriaxone instead of IM has no significant difference in pharmacokinetics or bioavailability, so it can be considered…

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A Hidden Twist

a hidden twist Chief Complaint Abdominal Pain HPI 5-year-old male presents to the emergency department for abdominal pain, which started this morning. Mother reports the pain woke the patient up from sleep. Reports the pain is crampy and patient has been crying since he woke up at 9:00. Mother reports she thinks this happened one…

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Podcast 687: STI Complications

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) occurs when the infection ascends into the uterus Tubo-ovarian abscess occurs when the infection ascends to the fallopian tubes Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome occurs when the infection enters the peritoneum and causes peritoneal inflammation with peri-hepatic inflammation These conditions require GYN consultation and often more robust antibiotic…

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Podcast 686: Vaginal Self Swabs

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Recent study evaluated vaginal self swab testing for STIs to determine if they are equally sensitive to provider-obtained swab 515 patients consented to both tests and 95% agreement was found between the two methods of obtaining samples 75% of participants who preferred this over the pelvic exam, although some…

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Podcast # 455: Hunting for PeeCP

Author: Michael Hunt, MD Educational Pearls:   Like all tests, urine toxicology (utox) screens can have false positives Prescription medications such as demerol, antipsychotics, ketamine, and tramadol can all produce a false positive utox for PCP Over-the-counter medication such as dextromethorphan also mimic PCP on utox   References Doyon S. (January 2014). False Positive Urine…

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Podcast # 432: Hunting for UTIs

Author: Michael Hunt, MD Educational Pearls: As many as 20% of women in assisted living have asymptomatic bacteriuria This can present a diagnostic conundrum when seeing these patients in the emergency department, particularly for altered mental status and deciding whether to treat True diagnosis of UTI in the emergency department is difficult as true diagnoses…

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Podcast #375: Retrograde Urethrogram

Author: ¬†Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Blood at urethral meatus in trauma can be a sign of bladder/urethral injury Blind placement of a Foley catheter can make an undiagnosed urethral injury worse Urethral injury is evaluated using a retrograde urethrogram (RUG) If urethra is confirmed to be intact, Foley catheter can be placed to allow…

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Podcast # 344: Foley troubleshooting

Author: Aaron Lessen, MD. Educational Pearls: When foley is stuck, balloon may not have deflated. Make sure balloon is not in the urethra, which can block drainage. Cut off the port as it may be obstructed. If still not draining, pass guide wire through port to unclog catheter. Other techniques have been described using mineral…

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Podcast #309: Return Visits to the ED for UTI

Author: Alicia Oberle, MD Educational Pearls: Recent study has shown risk factors for return included patients at high risk for resistance (nursing home, obstructive uropathy), patient where diagnogsis of pyelonephritis was missed, but the biggest risk factor was the existence of bug-drug mismatches. Cephalexin (Keflex) was associated with highest rate of return, while nitrofurantoin (Macrobid)…

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Podcast #295: UTI

Author: Sam Killian, M.D. Educational Pearls Traditionally, UTI diagnosis has been dependent on urine culture, urinalysis and clinical symptoms. But a recent study casts some doubt on the utility of urine cultures. A study in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology did urine cultures and E. coli PCR in 220 women with UTI symptoms and 86…

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