Gastroenterology Archives - Page 3 of 5 - The Emergency Medical Minute

Gastroenterology

Podcast # 477: Postpolypectomy Electrocoagulation Syndrome

Author:  Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Postpolypectomy electrocoagulation syndrome (PES) is a rare complication of polypectomy and electrocautery during colonoscopy Occurs when cautery causes transmural thickening from a contact burn Patients can present as if they have peritonitis, with guarding, leukocytosis, fever, etc. CT is the imaging of choice mainly to evaluate for bowel perforation…

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Podcast # 471: Cyclic Vomiting

Author: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is different than cannabis hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). It is important to differentiate the two. CHS is thought to be caused by activation of THC receptors in the gut CVS is associated with migraines and therefore responds to similar medications Olanzapine (Zyprexa) is an alternative to…

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Podcast # 468: Typhlitis

Educational Pearls: Typhlitis refers to the presence of enterocolitis in the setting of neutropenia – also known as neutropenic enterocolitis Commonly a result of chemotherapy for hematologic malignancies. The infection is usually polymicrobial/fungal and can lead to septic shock Usually presents with fever, abdominal pain, with associated GI complaints Workup includes CBC for the ANC…

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Podcast # 450: Probiotics in Gastroenteritis

Author: Sam Killian, MD Educational Pearls: Viral gastroenteritis alters the gut microbiome and it is theorized that probiotics may help reduce the duration and severity of the disease. Double-blind randomized controlled trial involving almost 900 children with viral gastroenteritis compared 5 days of probiotics to a control group. There was no difference in the rates…

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Podcast # 427: Cookie Dough is Delicious

Author: Eric Miller, MD Educational Pearls: Recent CDC statement warns against consumption of cookie dough Two common ingredients can pose risk: eggs and flour Flour in dough is a raw agricultural product not treated to kill E. coli A 2016 E. coli outbreak was linked to flour   References: https://www.cdc.gov/features/no-raw-dough/index.html https://www.cdc.gov/ecoli/2016/o121-06-16/index.html Summarized by Travis Barlock,…

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Podcast #399: Hunting for pancreatitis

Author: Michael Hunt, MD Educational Pearls: Alcohol and gallstones are most common causes of pancreatitis Diagnosis is not simply based on lipase alone – must have at least two the the three criteria: Elevated lipase (greater than 3x upper limit of reference range) Typical pain (epigastric pain, radiating to back, etc.) Radiographic findings suggestive of…

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Podcast #388: Antibiotics for Appendicitis

Author:  Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: 5-year follow up study on antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated appendicitis showed 39.1% recurrence rate requiring appendectomy by 5 years Nearly 60% chance then of preventing an appendectomy by using antibiotics only for uncomplicated appendicitis   Editor’s note: not surprisingly, complications were much higher in the group receiving surgery, which…

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Podcast #385: Probiotics

Author:  John Winkler, MD Educational Pearls: Probiotics are bacteria that are ingested to promote gut health but recent research casts doubt on their effectiveness. Recent study suggests that most probiotics that are ingested are killed by stomach acid. Those that remain are not very healthy and are outcompeted by the normal gut flora. Probiotics should…

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Podcast # 348: Steakhouse Syndrome

Author: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Steakhouse syndrome is an impacted esophageal food bolus. Occurs because they have an esophageal stricture (schatzki ring, scarring, esophagitis). Classic treatments have consisted of effervescents, glucagon, and/or sublingual nitroglycerin (NTG). Recent case series has shown oral 400mcg tablet of NTG dissolved in 10cc tap water was 100% successful. Complications…

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Podcast # 331: Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT)

Author: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: The sodium-glucose cotransporter in the gut is essential for rehydration. Oral rehydration therapies require an equimolar concentration of glucose and sodium to be effective. ORT has saved millions of lives globally. Consider using ORT in patients with dehydration. Especially useful in resource limited settings. References: Victora CG, Bryce J,…

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