ENT Archives - The Emergency Medical Minute

ENT

Tastes so good, hurts so bad

tastes so good, hurts so bad Chief Complaint: Esophageal Foreign Body HPI: 31-year-old male presents to emergency department with reports of an esophageal foreign body. He states that he was eating chicken and had a large piece of chicken get stuck in his chest. He is vomiting up liquid after attempts of swallowing water, not…

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Podcast 761: Peritonsillar Abscess: To Stab or Not to Stab?

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Often present with complaints of sore throat, pain with swallowing, difficulty swallowing, voice change, and possible fever Retrospective study from 2018 evaluated outcomes of peritonsillar abscess with two management arms, surgical vs. non-surgical treatment Non-surgical treatment only included IV fluids as well as IV ceftriaxone + clindamycin; Surgical treatment…

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Ludwig’s Angina

Ludwig’s Angina Chief Complaint: Neck and jaw pain HPI: 32-year-old female with a history of IV drug use, last injected methamphetamine 2 days ago, presents for 1 day of right-sided neck and jaw pain with associated swelling. She denies trauma, dental pain and sore throat. She states the pain started around lunchtime yesterday and that…

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Podcast 651: Hereditary Angioedema

Contributor:  Katie Sprinkel, MD Educational Pearls: Hereditary angioedema (HA) is an autosomal dominant bradykinin-mediated disease affecting the airway, skin or gastrointestinal tract and typically presents with swelling in the absence of pruritus HA episodes last 3-5 days, typically occur first in childhood or adolescence, and decrease in frequency with aging Airway angioedema is the most…

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Podcast 614: Perichondritis

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Perichondritis involves infection of not only the connective tissue of the ear but typically the cartilage as well Symptoms include erythema, ear pain, and fevers The most common bacterial cause is Pseudomonas. Perichondritis often occurs after a wound or piercing, but trauma is not necessary for the infection to…

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Podcast 590: Esophageal Food Impactions

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Carbonated beverages have shown efficacy in helping patients spontaneously pass esophageal food impactions Glucagon, while historically used for treatment, has been shown to have significant side effects without any clinical benefit Definitive treatment is with endoscopy performed typically by a  gastroenterologist References Long B, Koyfman A, Gottlieb M. Esophageal…

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Podcast 542: Nasogastric Tubes

Author: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Nasogastric tubes (NGT) are very uncomfortable for all those involved but some simple tricks and tips may help: Topical lidocaine can be inserted into the nasal passage for local analgesia Afrin may help shrink the mucosal tissue of the nasal turbinates as well Molding the tube with cold/ice water…

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Podcast 536:  Epistaxis 101

Contributor:  Dylan Luyten, MD Educational Pearls: Clear the nasal passages – have the patient, if stable, blow their nose to dislodge any clot that might be in the way Searching for the source of bleeding can be tough. Majority of anterior bleeding is from Kesselbach’s plexus Placing a clamp to provide direct pressure is a…

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Podcast 525:  Enjoyable Epistaxis?

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: The ED is full of painful procedures. One of the most commonly dreaded procedures is nasal packing for epistaxis, as it is quite uncomfortable for the patient.  A recent study compared TXA with compression, saline with compression, and traditional nasal packing for the treatment of epistaxis.  Hemostasis was achieved…

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Podcast 505: Sleep on Strep Throat 

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Only 10% of patients receiving antibiotics for strep throat actually have the diesease Treatment of strep with antibiotics only slightly reduces the duration of illness. Most studies say the reduction is between 16 and 24 hours Antibiotic treatment may reduce complications such as peritonsilar abscess and otitis media but…

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