Analgesia Archives - The Emergency Medical Minute

Analgesia

Podcast 714: Intradermal Sterile Water for Back Pain

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Randomized controlled-trial evaluated intradermal injections of sterile water to manage low back pain versus an IV NSAID Four intradermal injections of 0.1 cc sterile water in a square around the area of musculoskeletal pain Reduction of pain was 7 points with the procedure and 2 points with the IV…

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Podcast 713: Oral Ketamine

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Those on chronic opioid therapy may have high tolerance to opioids and/or opioid hyperalgesia Ketamine is a good adjunct for pain control in patients on chronic opioid therapy To avoid the time constraints often required to push ketamine intravenously, it can be given orally: Ketamine IV 25-50 mg (~0.01-0.03…

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Podcast 700: Analgesics for Acute Musculoskeletal Pain

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Recent RCT compared pain relief in patients receiving five medications for acute musculoskeletal pain Acetaminophen 1000mg/ibuprofen 400 mg  Acetaminophen 1000mg/ibuprofen 800 mg Acetaminophen 300 mg/codeine 30 mg Acetaminophen 300mg/hydrocodone 5mg Acetaminophen 325mg/oxycodone 5mg No significant difference in pain relief at 1 and 2 hours between all of 5 groups…

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Podcast 668: Opioid-Induced Hyperalgesia

Contributor: Donald Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Opioids target kappa and NMDA receptors that can lead to central nervous system sensitization and therefore increased pain For patients with opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH), oral ketamine (25-50 mg) can be used to treat their pain as it targets the NMDA receptor Other treatments are IV magnesium, NSAIDs, Tylenol, and…

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Podcast 666: Pain Management & Patient Perspective

Contributor:  Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: About ½ of the patients in the ED present with some form of pain One study looked at patients presenting in pain and followed up two days after discharge to determine if their pain was addressed, asking if the patient received anything for pain and if the patient refused…

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Podcast 603: Don’t Sedate. Block.

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Fractures and dislocations that require reduction do not necessarily require sedation  Nerve blocks are an effective alternative that can provide analgesia to reduce fractures and dislocations and provide sustained pain relief after the reduction is completed Hematoma blocks are effective for distal radius and various ankle fractures Shoulder dislocations…

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Podcast 599: Facial Blocks for the Win

Contributor: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Local anesthetics injected directly into wounds can cause distortion – especially important in facial lacerations Several blocks can be helpful to help numb branches of the trigeminal nerve (CN V) which innervates the face: Supraorbital nerve block: blocks distribution of V1 (most of the forehead) through injection above the…

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Podcast 571:  Digital Blocks

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: Traditional digital block involves dorsal approach on either side of the digit, injecting local anesthetic along each side to numb all four nerves of the digit Newer approach involves a single injection along the palmar surface at MCP joint Recent study further compared a proximal vs distal single palmar…

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Podcast 514: Pain Control While on Naltrexone 

Author: Don Stader, MD Educational Pearls: Suboxone, methadone, and naltrexone are commonly used as treatments for opiate use disorder.  Naltrexone is a full mu-opiate receptor antagonist, making acute pain control difficult in patients taking it.  Options for pain control in patients on naltrexone include nerve blocks, NSAIDS, ketamine, and high doses of opiates.  Of the…

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