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Podcast 701: Elevated Blood Pressure Readings

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Recent retrospective cohort study looked at elevated BP readings in the ED and correlation to underlying hypertension Large cohort of over 30,000 patients found that nearly 50% had an elevated blood pressure reading in the ED Less than 15% of patients with elevated BP readings in the ED were…

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Podcast 700: Analgesics for Acute Musculoskeletal Pain

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Recent RCT compared pain relief in patients receiving five medications for acute musculoskeletal pain Acetaminophen 1000mg/ibuprofen 400 mg  Acetaminophen 1000mg/ibuprofen 800 mg Acetaminophen 300 mg/codeine 30 mg Acetaminophen 300mg/hydrocodone 5mg Acetaminophen 325mg/oxycodone 5mg No significant difference in pain relief at 1 and 2 hours between all of 5 groups…

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Podcast 699: Pediatric Fingernail Avulsions

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Traditionally, fingernails were replaced after avulsion using sutures Sometimes artificial material was placed when the fingernail was not available Recent study evaluated treatment of fingernail avulsions pediatric patients by replacing the nail versus cleaning and putting a non-adhesive dressing No difference in the aesthetics or patient satisfaction with the…

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Podcast 698: Empathy, Burnout, and Patient Satisfaction

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Survey of EM physicians to self-report empathy and burnout levels and correlated with patient satisfaction scores Patient satisfaction was not affected by what the physicians thought about their level of empathy or burnout  Patient satisfaction was affected by the patient’s perception of empathetic behavior by the physician References Byrd…

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Podcast 697: Kounis Syndrome

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Kounis syndrome is an allergic acute coronary syndrome Triggers include medications (antibiotics), insect bites, or other common allergens Believed to be due to mast cell activation, inflammatory cytokines, and platelet activation causing coronary vasospasm or plaque rupture in setting of existing atherosclerosis Consider Kounis syndrome in the setting of…

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Podcast 696: ST Elevation and Differential Diagnoses

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: ST elevation clinical guidelines for myocardial infarction include: 2.5 mm elevation for males <40 in V2 and V3 2 mm elevation in males >40 in V2 and V3 1.5 mm elevation for females in V2 and V3 1 mm elevation in 2 or more contiguous leads (not V2 or…

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Podcast 695: Einstein and Cellophane

Educational Pearls: Albert Einstein had chronic abdominal pain as a middle-aged man Dr. Rudolph Nissen, founder of the Nissen fundoplication, performed exploratory surgery for this pain and found an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) The only treatment for an AAA at that time was to wrap the vessel in cellophane, causing a fibrotic response to prevent…

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Podcast 694: Complete Heart Block

Contributor: Nick Hatch, MD Educational Pearls: Complete heart block or 3rd degree atrioventricular (AV) block is diagnosed via EKG and occurs when electrical signals from the sinoatrial (SA) node are blocked from reaching the ventricles via the AV node and AV bundles P waves and QRS complexes are independent Often QRS rate is around 40…

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Podcast 693: Humerus Fractures

Contributor: Nick Tsipis, MD Educational Pearls: Humerus fractures can be characterized as proximal, midshaft, and distal fractures Proximal humerus fracture is the second-most common fracture in elderly patients  Primary complication is with the axillary nerve and axillary artery  Vast majority are managed nonoperatively with a sling, reduction usually not indicated Women comprise 70% of proximal…

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Podcast 692: Pelvic Fractures

Contributor: Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: Pelvis is comprised of the iliac, ischium, and sacrum Three mechanisms for pelvic fractures by Young-Burgess Classification Anterior-posterior compression causing open-book pelvic fractures that can be complicated by retroperitoneal bleeding or urethral injury Lateral compression causing rami fractures Vertical sheer causing offset of sacroiliac joint or sacrum Mechanically stable…

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