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Podcast 664: Rabies Prophylaxis

Contributor:  Jared Scott, MD Educational Pearls: 1-3 cases of rabies per year in US with 55,000 people per year receiving rabies prophylaxis 90% of rabies cases come from wildlife, most commonly by racoons, bats, foxes, and skunks Because of rabies prophylaxis, domesticated pets almost never have rabies in the United States Rabies is typical transmitted…

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Podcast 663:  Down Syndrome

Contributor:  Alicia Oberle, MD Educational Pearls: Down Syndrome with Trisomy 21 have three copies of chromosome 21 Current birth rates are around 1 in 700 births  Average life span 25 years in 1980, today the average life span is 60 years of age Patients with Down syndrome require additional therapies in the first 3 years…

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UnfilterED #13: Dr. Nadia Tremonti

This week’s episode features a fascinating conversation with Dr. Nadia Tremonti, medical director for the pediatric palliative care program at Children’s Hospital of Michigan in Detroit. Dr. Tremonti was the featured physician in an independent short film Palliative and subsequent New York Times shorter excerpt Dying in your Mother’s Arms that explore her work with…

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Podcast 662: Droperidol for Sedation

Contributor:  Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Droperidol for sedation in agitated patients in the emergency department was studied compared to ziprasidone (Geodon) and lorazepam (Ativan) Double-blinded RCT showed droperidol was 65% effective to get patients to a good level of sedation in 15 minutes compared to ativan and geodon which were 25-35% effective Droperidol had…

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Podcast 661: Scalded Skin Syndrome

Contributor:  Ricky Dhaliwal, MD Educational Pearls: Primarily affects children <6 years old and adults with kidney disease Caused by staph aureus releasing exotoxins that result in erythema and sloughing of the skin Present with significant pain, dehydration and underlying staph infection Treatment typically oxacillin/nafcillin with admission for wound care with petroleum gel and xeroform Burn…

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Podcast 660: Rhabdomyolysis

Contributor:  Ricky Dhaliwal, MD Educational Pearls: Rhabdomyolysis occurs when high levels of myoglobin are released from dying muscle tissue into the blood Severe levels of myoglobin cause renal injury Causes include elevated temperature, excessive exercise, toxins, infection, muscle ischemia, crush injury, and prolonged immobilization Can also be caused by medications, like antipsychotics, statins, SSRIs, colchicine,…

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Podcast 659: Racial Bias in Pulse Oximetry

Contributor:  Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Study in NEJM looked at occult hypoxemia, when oxygen saturation reads at >92% when the actual saturation is <88% Rate of occult hypoxemia was 3 times higher in those who identified as black (12% vs 4%) Keep this disparity in mind when providing care to patients of all backgrounds…

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Podcast 658: Febrile Seizures

Contributor:  Peter Bakes, MD Educational Pearls: Febrile Seizure clinical criteria 6 months – 5 years of age Rapid rise in temp No preexisting seizure disorder No other explanation for the seizure Nonfocal seizure lasting less than 15 minutes If the seizure does not meet the above criteria, a full workup needs to be completed Regardless…

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Podcast 657: Caustic Ingestion

Contributor:  Aaron Lessen, MD Educational Pearls: Acid and alkali ingestions have differing prognosis and immediate concerns Immediate issues can include superficial irritation, severe burns, esophageal perforation, and even airway compromise from edema Long term morbidity can include strictures Supportive care is typically all that can be provided in the emergency department Diagnostics may include imaging…

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The Silent Killer Strikes

the silent killer strikes Chief Complaint: Stroke Alert HPI: 68 year old female with past medical history of coronary artery disease status post stent, hypertension, hypothyroidism, hyperlipidemia is brought in by EMS as a stroke alert after being found unresponsive in bed by family prior to arrival. Last known normal is 10pm last night when…

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